Sri Lanka has one of the highest numbers of endemic species anywhere in the world, because it is an island and has been isolated to certain degree, necessary for species to evolve into their own variety. There are primates, varieties of macaque, langur, and loris, to be seen in Sri Lanka which can’t be seen anywhere else, as well as species of squirrels and civet cats exclusive to the island. And those were only some of the mammals.Among birds there are special kinds of fowls, pigeons, parrots, parakeets, and owls, to behold. And the list goes on for many more species. Ask you tour guide to inform you. Keep in mind though that most of those animals are nocturnal animals and not easily spotted in the wild. As an alternative, a lot of the animals mentioned can be seen in Colombo zoo.
Sinharaja Forest Reserve has been recognized as a UNESCO biosphere reserve from as early as 1978, and put on the World Heritage List in 1988, as it is a biodiversity hotspot of international importance. Sinharaja is mostly known for its tropical rainforest, many species of birds, and wealth of endemic species. Of all the endemic birds in Sri Lanka, which are 26 in all, the rainforest species, which count 20, are all found in this park, the Sri Lanka Blue Magpie being but one of them. Sinharaja National Park is in the southern part of the country and can be combined with visits to Galle and Mirissa.
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